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    武当博物馆简介
    来源:本站原创 作者:管理员 日期:2009年07月03日 访问次数: 【字体:

      武当山,又名太和山,是我国著名的道教圣地、内家拳发祥地、国家首批重点风景名胜区,1994年武当山古建筑群被列入《世界文化遗产名录》,2006年武当武术、武当宫观道乐、武当山道教医药、武当山庙会分别被列入国家和省级《非物质文化遗产名录》。
      武当山以其绚丽多姿的自然风景、规模宏大的古建筑群、源远流长的道教文化、博大精深的武当武术著称于世,明代武当山被皇室封为“大岳”、“治世玄岳”,以“四大名山皆拱揖,五方仙岳共朝宗”的“五岳之冠”的显赫地位标名于世,被誉为“亘古无双胜境,天下第一仙山”。明成祖朱棣大建武当山,役使军民工匠30万人,历时12年,建成9宫、8观、36庵堂、72岩庙、39桥、12亭等。嘉靖年间又增修扩建,绵延140里,形成了世界上最大的宗教建筑群。联合国专家苏明塔加在考察武当山后称赞:“中国伟大的历史,依然存留在武当山”。
      武当山现存古建筑53处,建筑面积2.7万平方米,建筑遗址9处,占地面积20多万平方米,全部为国家重点文物保护单位,被称为“中国古代建筑成就的博物馆”。全山保存各类文物近万件(套),数量之多、等级之高、质地之全,国内罕见。武当博物馆从建筑艺术、道教简史、宫观道乐、道教造像、武当武术、医药养生、仙山名人、民俗文化等方面解读武当文化,有些皇室珍品、御赐实物尚属首次展示,力求让观众更好地走进武当、品味武当,领略武当文化的独特魅力。



    Wudang Mountain, also named Taihe Mountain, is the national famous Taoist Holy Land, the cradle of internal boxing and one of the first key scenic spots of national-level. In 1994, the Ancient Building Complex in Wudang Mountains was inscribed by UNESCO on the World Cultural Heritage List and in 2006, Wudang Wushu, Wudang Taoist music, Taoist medication and traditional Taoist festivals were included into the Non-material Cultural Heritage List of national and provincial level respectively.
    Wudang Mountain is renowned for its beautiful natural scenery, magnificent large-scale ancient building complexes, profound traditional Taoist culture and esoteric elegant Wudang Wushu. In Ming Dynasty, the royal family granted it the title “Da Yue” and “Zhi Shi Da Yue” which indicates that it occupied a more prominent position than the four national famed mountains. Well-known as the king mountain among the five outstanding mountains in China, it is praised as “the unexampled fairy land of the world, the first immortal mountain under the heaven.” Emperor Zhu Di (1402-1424) of Ming Dynasty paid great attention to Wudang Mountain and built Wudang on a large scale. Under the work of 300 thousand soldiers, workmen and craftsmen, through twelve years, Wudang Mountain shaped 9 palaces, 8 temples, 36 ancestral temples, 72 rock temples, 39 bridges, 12 pavilions etc. During the reign of Emperor Jiajing (1521-1566), repaired and newly-built architecture in Wudang Mountain which extend for about 140 Li became the largest religious building complexes. Sumimtardia, an expert of UNESCO, praised Wudang Mountain after inspecting: “The great past of China is still solid in Mountain Wudang.”
    Nowadays, Wudang Mountain has preserved 53 ancient buildings with gross floors area of 27 thousand square miles and 9 sites of architecture occupied more than 200 thousand square miles which are all conferred as national units of cultural relic reservation and honored as a museum of Chinese ancient architecture achievements. There are nearly ten thousand pieces of culture relics which are unique in the country for great quantity, high grade and various textures. Wudang Museum will exhibit Wudang culture from the aspects of architecture, Taoist culture, essence of cultural relics, Wudang Wushu, medical and regime, celebrity and Wudang, Taoist music and folk culture. Some royal curiosa and objects bestowed by emperors will have their first appearance in the museum. Wudang Museum strived to let visitors learn Wudang, indulge in Wudang and appreciate its particular culture.

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